Trachycarpus takil

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takil ((TAH-kihl)
Photo-Rare Palm
Scientific Classification
Genus: Trachycarpus
takil ((TAH-kihl)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Palmate
Survivability index
Common names
Kumaon Palm, kalamuni

Habitat and Distribution

Nepal, West Himalaya. It is found in cool, moist oak forests in the foothills of the
Photo-Rare Palm
Himalaya in the Kumaon Division of northwestern India, and possibly in adjacent western Nepal where it grows at altitudes of 1,800–2,700 metres (5,400–8,200 feet). Here the winters are bitterly cold and snow is common. (Tobias Spanner & Martin Gibbons)


A medium sized, solitary fan palm to about 10–15metres (30–46 feet) tall, with a rough, thin trunk, and a fibrous crown. It is similar to T. fortunei, but it is taller, more vigorous, and larger in all its parts. Also, its fibres are thinner and shed readily, leaving a naturally bare trunk. (Tobias Spanner & Martin Gibbons) Editing by edric.

It grows to 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, with a rough trunk covered in fiber from the old leaf bases; it is easily distinguishable from Trachycarpus fortunei from its infancy by the young plants having the tendency to growing obliquely; by the young trunk being distinctly conical; by the adult trunk covered with very tightly clasping (not ruffled) chestnut brown fibers; by the short, triangular, erect ligulas on the leaf sheaths of the terminal shoot; by the leaves more spreading and those of the previous year being placed just below the last flowering spadices, reflexed, although still alive, by the leaf blade being irregularly divided only down to about the middle; finally by the fruit being more distinctly uniform or considerably broader than high. Additionally, the first leaves of sprouting T. takil seeds are duplicate (having only two ridges differing from T. fortunei with its quadruplicate first leaves.)


Likes a sunny, well drained position. Easy to grow but but slow. Reputed to be the most cold hardy trunking palm, withstanding temperatures down to –15 deg. C. (5 deg. F.).

Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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