Salacca griffithii

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Salacca (SAH-lahk-kah)
griffithii (grif-fith'-ee)
Salacca griffithii1.jpg
Thailand. Photo:
Scientific Classification
Genus: Salacca (SAH-lahk-kah)
griffithii (grif-fith'-ee)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering (soboliferous)
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Salak in western Yunnan, China.

Habitat and Distribution

China South-Central, Myanmar, Thailand. Lowland rain forests or more often in
China. Photo:
disturbed areas; below 1000 m. Yunnan [Myanmar, Thailand].


Stems clustered, short and subterranean. Leaf sheaths and petioles not distinct from one another, to 2.9 m, densely covered abaxially with small, distinct groups of 2-10 light brown spines to 3 cm; rachis to 4.5 m; pinnae 35-42 per side of rachis, lanceolate, regularly arranged and spreading in same plane; middle pinnae 83-125 cm, 4-7 cm in diam. at middle, with spines on margins and veins adaxially. Inflorescences borne together on short stems, their production ending life of stems; each inflorescence subtended by a much reduced leaf or leaf sheath; male inflorescences several per stem, each to 1 m, closely covered with overlapping bracts; rachillae 13-24 cm; flowers borne in dyads; stamens 6; female inflorescences several per stem, contracted, hidden among leaf bases; individual inflorescences 30-40 cm; rachillae 7-10, 8-12 cm, flowers borne in dyads of 1 sterile male and 1 female flower. Fruits obovoid, to 6 × 6-8 cm, 1-3-seeded, densely covered with triangular, flattened, spinelike scales. ( Editing by edric.

Material of this species was treated in FRPS (13(1): 57. 1991) as Salacca secunda Griffith, which does not occur in China (see Henderson, Palms S. Asia, 164. 2009).


Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

Clustering (soboliferous) palm, few stems. Leaf feathers neatly arranged, lanceolate, 50-100 cm long, 5-11 cm wide, the top of the short, both sides of the Green, with 3 ribs, above the bristles, margin with sparse slightly bristles. The order of the male inflorescence is stout, with several branches of the spikes of the spikes; the first flails are stripped of the rusty, the base is tubular, the upper part is the lanceolate and partly And the upper part of the lanceolate-shaped tapered tear-like; spikes from the two buds out of the mouth, long 6-7 (-14) cm, thick 1. 4 cm, with a little fine for a few three-level buds covered by the stems; male flowers in pairs, 8 mm long, almost all out of the small buds; flowers bracteoles linear, ; Calyx deep 3-lobed; corolla 3-lobed, slightly longer than calyx; anthers linearly oblong. The female inflorescences also have a thick order axis, with several short and thick branches of the spikes of the spikes; the base of the first buds with short stumps at the base and the long apex , With a small number of needle-shaped thorns; two buds and male similar, but wide and short; spikes slightly shorter, 6-9 cm long, with short stems; small buds buds connate, the upper pole Broadly blunt triangular part of the separation; each small spathe wrapped with a female flower and a neutral flower, flowers bracteoles short, densely villous hairy; female flowers (no specimens, according to the literature Description) globose ovate, 8 mm in diameter; calyx splashed in front of the flowering to the middle of the middle of the 3 lobes, and then completely split into three oval, slightly blunt lobes; corolla slightly longer than calyx, cracked to the middle 3 3-chamber, densely raised acupuncture-like scales, style short, stigma rounded-like three-prism, acute tip, by the cohesive; non-degenerate stamens; Neutral flower length 9 mm, triangular pyramid-shaped, acute, lower cut into a thin base. (Including 2 seeds) to nearly three prisms (including 3 seeds), and the shape of the fruit is much smaller than the number of seeds, Diameter of 6-6.5 cm, peel thin, crustaceous, densely slender-lance long 8-10 mm dark brown and shiny scales; residual stigma was not obvious short pointed. Seeds globose, hemispherical to obtuse triangular, 2.5-3 cm in diam., Dark brown, dull, with deep, deep cavities extending to half of endosperm, containing bead (seed coat); endosperm, hard Embryos near the side, close to the base. Flower and fruit period 9-10 months. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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