Phoenix reclinata

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Phoenix reclinata
P reclinata.jpg
P. reclinata cluster on Bayshore, Blvd. Tampa, Fl.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Phoenix
Species: reclinata
Phoenix abyssinica, Phoenix leonensis, Phoenix pumila, Phoenix spinosa
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Height: 30-50ft
Trunk diameter: 4-7in
Sun exposure: Full
Watering: Regular
Soil type: Non-acidic/ non-alkaline
Survivability index
Common names

Phoenix reclinata or Senegal Date Palm is a palm species; the name is from Latin for "reclining".

Habitat and distribution

These palms are native to tropical Africa, Madagascar, and the Comoro Islands where they are found from sea level to 3000 m, in rain forest clearings, monsoonal forests and rocky mountainsides. They are commonly cultivated in many countries with temperate weather where they freely hybridize with other cultivated Phoenix species.


P. reclinata is a dioecious clumping palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm (12") petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown. This species grows edible, oblong fruit, orange in color (when ripe), at 2.5 cm (1") in diameter. While able to tolerate some drought, they are not as drought-tolerant as some of their co-generic cousins, including P. canariensis or dactylifera. They are also tolerant of moderate salt-spray.

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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