| Sabal (SAH-bahl) |
Habitat and Distribution
Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest. Found in tropical deciduous forests to 2,500' elevation from Culiacan south to Guadalajara.
Leaves deeply recurved and costapalmate. Mature height: 48', Mature spread: 18'. Green with a tight compact crown, and fairly slender trunk. Very attractive leaf base pattern on trunk. (PSNCC)
Slender palm 15m tall, trunk 15-30 cm in diameter breast high gray, smooth, leaves 10-30 evenly green, strongly costapalmate, filiferous, petioles 1.8-2.4 cm wide, 1-2 m long, hastula acute 5.1-7.0 cm long, glabrescent (often with lepidote pubescence on adaxial surface of midveins), margin of hastula flat and undulate, occasionally revolute, involute, or erect, segments 60-80 per leaf connate for 25% of their length, middle segment 55-110 cm long, 2.3-4.3 cm wide, 0.2-0.3 mm thick, apex bifurcate for 30-40 cm (rarely undivided), fruit oblate spheroidal, greenish brown black, medium to thick pericarp 15.3-22.4 mm in diameter, 13.5-20.1 mm high, seed strongly oblate concave, 10-15.5 mm in diameter, 6.4-8.7 mm high. (Eric S. botanist, H.P. Lou Gardens, Orlando, FL.)
Cold Hardiness Zone: 8b. Cold Tolerance: 20° F
Comments and Curiosities
This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth (it has a heel), keep top third of heel above soil elevation!
"Grows well in Augusta, GA., but is more prone to scale than some of the other Sabals. Produces seed at a young age. The greenest of the Sabals." (Joe Le Vert)
"One of the more slender species, from Mexico, with relatively narrow, wedge shaped, markedly costapalmate leaves. Grows up to 45' tall, but usually shorter. Slow palm and not one of the more ornamental species, or commonly grown in cultivation." (Geoff Stein)
- Glossary of Palm Terms
- MODERN BOTANICAL LATIN
- "Just To Be Clear"
- THE SAXOPHONE STYLE ROOT GROWTH (HEEL)
Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.
Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.
Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.
Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.