Pinanga rumphiana

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North Biak, Papua, Biak, Indonesia. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah) rumphiana
Floribunda Palms, Hawaii.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
Species: rumphiana
Old name-Pinanga punicea
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names

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Habitat and Distribution

Maluku, New Guinea, Irian-Jaya, Indonesia. Lowland forest, coral limestone. Alluvium. Altitude, about 45 m.


Solitary palm to 8 m tall; stem about 9 cm in diameter; internodes 15 cm below, shorter near crown; leaf scars about 3 cm wide; internodes green when young, with scattered brown scales. Crown holds 6 leaves, crownshaft 1.5 m long, green with dense dull red-brown scales. Leaf 2.75 m long; petiole 25 cm; 38 leaflets on each side of the rachis, mostly 2-fold, regular, dull green. Inflorescence spreading to 45 cm, about 25 yellowish rachillae. Fruit in a purplish spiral. (J. Dransfield & S. Zona 1995) Editing by edric.

A larger Pinanga from lowland and montane rainforest on the Maluku Islands (Moluccas) and New Guinea with a solitary trunk to abt. 10 cm (4 in.) in diameter and 15 m (50 ft.) tall that carries a crown of a few short-stalked leaves 2 to 3 m (7 to 10 ft.) long. The long, green crownshaft is covered in reddish brown scales. A great palm for the tropical garden. ( edric.


Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos, edric.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos, edric.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

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