Palmpedia.net

Areca vestiaria

From Palmpedia

Jump to: navigation, search


North Celebes, Indonesia. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, edric.
Areca (ah-REHK-ah)
vestiaria
(ves-tee-AHR-ee-ah)
Areca vestiarias mall hilo.jpg
Hilo, Hawaii.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Areca (ah-REHK-ah)
Species:
vestiaria
(ves-tee-AHR-ee-ah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
Asia
Asia.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Sunset Palm, Pinang Merah, Pinang Yaki (monkey pinang)

If you know anything at all about this palm, please consider adding some information. Remember this is a group effort, and any registered member can contribute, change, or correct the text, and even add photos on this page. Click on the edit tab above and experiment. Any mistake can be easily corrected, so don't be afraid.

Contents

Habitat & Distribution

Areca vestiaria grows naturally in low mountainous terrain up to an elevation of 1200 meters in the rain forests of eastern Indonesia, Maluku, Sulawesi.

Description

It would be hard to find a more morphologically diverse species in the palm kingdom. This gorgeous palm varies from a profusely suckering red crownshafted plant with maroon leaves, to a single trunked orange version with green leaves, and everything in between. It has been reported that there is substantial color variation depending on elevation, with the more colorful plants coming from higher elevations. Observations, at least in cultivation, indicate the maroon variety suckers more readily than the orange form. Clumping individuals will attain widths up to 15 ft/4.5m and heights of 20-25 ft/6-8m. This palm will often times exhibit distinct arial or stilt roots emerging from the 3-4in/7-10cm. diameter trunks. These palms are monoeceious with small yellow/orange flowers emerging from beneath the crownshaft that bear orange to dark red ovoid fruit similar to Areca catechu. Editing by edric.

Culture

Although tropical in nature, this palm appears able to withstand periodic low temperatures, but will eventually succumb to persistent coolness, often times only surviving until January in the So. California winter. It could probably survive close to nightime freezing, if the days remained on the warm side, as is often the case in parts of Florida. They prefer a sheltered, consistently moist and humid location, with more shade in less humid environments. A rich well draining soil would appear to be the best. It fruits profusely at a young age, and the seeds volunteer easily. The rate of growth can be surprisingly quick when given suitable growing conditions. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a.

Comments and Curiosities

If you wish to grow the maroon variety of this palm, it will do no good to select seed from a maroon parent. It appears that no matter from which parent you collect seed, the seedlings will exhibit traits of all forms. You will need to sprout and then select. The good news is that differentiating between the forms is easy from a young age. Whether this is due to cross pollination or just a wide range of genetic variation is the subject of debate. Any comments on this observation would be appreciated, in the discussion area. Click on the discussion tab at the top to add any comments.

External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos, edric.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos, edric.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Banner1B
Back to Palm Encyclopedia

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
PALM & PLANT SOCIETIES
Toolbox